Understanding Sustainable Diets: A Descriptive Analysis of the Determinants and Processes That Influence Diets and Their Impact on Health, Food Security, and Environmental Sustainability

Journal Articles
Food Security, Health, Agriculture, Nutrition
Jessica L. Johnston, Jessica C. Fanzo, and Bruce Cogill
Publication Dates:
July, 2014
Content Formats:

This study examines the determinants of sustainable diets, offers a descriptive analysis of these areas, and presents a causal model and framework from which to build. The authors divide the major determinants of sustainable diets into 5 categories: 1) agriculture, 2) health, 3) sociocultural, 4) environmental, and 5) socioeconomic. When factors or processes are changed in 1 determinant category, such changes affect other determinant categories and, in turn, the level of “sustainability” of a diet. They conclude that better measurements and indicators must be developed to assess the the tradeoffs associated with any recommendations aimed at increasing the sustainability of our food system.

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