Seasonal rice production facilities for income generation and the fight against food insecurity in the Tillaberi Region
This is one of 50 Harvesting Nutrition project case studies. Harvesting Nutrition was a contest held in 2012 and 2013 that showcased active projects working to improve the impact of agriculture and/or food security on nutrition outcomes. Co-sponsors were SecureNutrition, Save the Children UK, and the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN). Learn More.
The agricultural production system in the target area is based on rain-fed agriculture for the cultivation of millet, sorghum, cowpeas and groundnuts on depleted soils. Rainfall is low and poorly distributed. There is a gradual decline in productivity (300kg per hectare of millet) and continuing degradation due to increasing interest in agroforestry as an important source of income and food for people, and the disappearance of the soil itself as a natural resource. Population pressure (human and animal) complicates the scenario, and there is a difficult food situation. This situation is further worsened by the alternation of good and bad crop years due to unpredictable periods of drought.
The population in the area considers rice to be a ceremonial meal that is consumed during festivals, weddings and baptisms, often forcing heads of households to sell millet all 12 months of the year at a low price. Improving the precarious food situation and the fight against land degradation requires diversification of agricultural production systems.
Rice cultivation ponds, for example, are more adapted to the environment and other high-performance and/or high economic potential production systems represent a promising way to food security, generation of income, and environmental protection.
Impact of project:
The short-term impact includes improved the production and productivity of poor and infertile soils and usually increased household income from the sale of agricultural products. The long-term impact includes the visible improvement in the agricultural landscape of rice and soil fertility.
Training, monitoring, support and connection to a network of innovative farmers are some of the instruments that the NGO will use to ensure the sustainability of long-term project. It is also important to remember that the approach allows the granting of credit refundable for production inputs which are distributed in the form of credit to farmers to perform the following year. The sustainability of the project will be strengthened by reducing the exodus of young people who find their account through the production and fattening based forage rice.
Why this project is a Good Practice example:
The proposed transfer of technology for the production of rice ponds and varieties adapted to the cycle of reduced rainfall contribute to the maintenance of biological diversity in the fight against poverty and food insecurity by providing a wide range of agricultural products and market value.
The inclusion of rice production among the usual crops through the establishment of demonstration plots with producers, and training of management committees (CHRP) on sites to have an improved stock of rice production in the local villages, contributed to the well-being of the community after two crop years.
The persistence of the food crisis in Niger forces us to keep in mind that it is necessary to find new methods of food production that are environmentally sound, economically viable and socially acceptable for the rural population. Adherence to the idea, the social cohesion of group members and the availability of beneficiaries for capacity building for low-income producers through the installation of demonstration plots by international producers for the production of rice in the ponds agriculture area on millet, sorghum and legumes, is focused on the cultivation of rice on two thirds of the flooding fields to help stabilize the food security and financial autonomy of local populations in general and women in particular.
Factors that contributed to the sustainability of the project include the conscious effort to build the project on farmers' existing farming systems, and the involvement of village committees that have shown their willingness to contribute to innovate and share their experiences with other producers.
Funders: Action des Groupements pour le Développement Local (AGDL) FAHAMEY IRI Bonsé and communities
Primary Contact: Djibo Mounkeila
Project Dates: 2003 to 2012
Interventions: Assess the context at the local level, Target the vulnerable and improve equity, Maintain or improve the natural resource base,
Target Population: Women farmers, Smallholder farmers,
Project Stage: Completed
Geographic Coverage: Village/Municipality