How Do Different Indicators of Household Food Security Compare? Empirical Evidence from Tigray

Food Security
Tufts University
Daniel Maxwell, Jennifer Coates and Bapu Vaitla
Publication Dates:
August, 2013
Content Formats:

​This paper from the Feinstein International Center compares seven common food-security indicators to analyze whether the different measures detect the same or different dimensions of the complex phenomenon of food insecurity: Coping Strategies Index (CSI), Reduced Coping Strategies Index (rCSI), Household Food Insecurity and Access Scale (HFIAS), The Household Hunger Scale (HHS), Food Consumption Score (FCS), Household Dietary Diversity Scale (HDDS), and a self-assessed measure of food security (SAFS). Renewed emphasis on addressing constraints to food security has intensified the search for accurate, rapid, and consistent indicators of food security, which is comprised of availability, access, utilization, and risk. Currently, different measures of the access dimension of food insecurity are used interchangeably, without a good idea of which food-security dimensions are captured by which measures. The ability to compare food security status in dissimilar contexts is critical for targeting resources. 

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