At the Root of Exodus: Food Security, Conflict and International Migration
This World Food Programme study examines the role that food security and other factors play in cross-border migration. The authors draw on quantitative and qualitative research, particularly interviews with people who have left their homes to reach Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, Italy, and Greece. They find that countries with the highest level of food insecurity and conflict have the most significant outward migration of refugees, and that, once a migrant’s journey has begun, food and economic security are critical factors in deciding to continue a journey or settle in a particular location.
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