Research on Food Assistance for Nutritional Impact (REFANI): Literature Review
The Research on Food Assistance for Nutritional Impact (REFANI), a 3-year project funded by UK aid and co-financed by ECHO, aims to strengthen the evidence base on the nutritional impact and cost-effectiveness of cash- and voucher-based food assistance programs. This literature review examines the effectiveness of cash transfer programs (CTPs) on acute malnutrition, including a section on humanitarian contexts in particular. While the impact pathways are numerous and context-specific, a greater understanding of how they work is necessary. Specifically, more evidence is needed on design features, different modalities (conditional, unconditional, grants, vouchers) using the same transfer value, as well as targeting criteria. Very little is known about CTPs’ sustainability and cost-effectiveness, particularly when addressing nutrition outcomes.
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