Parental Background and Child Human Capital Development Throughout Childhood and Adolescence: Evidence From Four Low- and Middle-Income Countries
This working paper investigates the association of child human capital indicators with a range of parental background dimensions across four low- and middle-income countries (Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam), and at different stages of childhood and adolescence. The key finding is that parental income is strongly and positively associated with child nutritional status and cognitive achievement across all countries and at all stages of childhood and adolescence, even after controlling for other background dimensions. The same does not hold for parental education. Overall, results suggest that policies that seek to improve the material circumstances of the household and mother’s education and socioemotional competencies may be effective in promoting child cognitive and socioemotional development in low- and middle-income countries.
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