Global Hunger Index: Armed Conflict and the Challenge of Hunger
The 2015 Global Hunger Index report (published by IFPRI) shows a continued decline in the index score globally, to 21.5 this year from 29.9 in 2000. While these numbers are still in the "serious" category, they continue to trend downwards. The four index components--undernourishment, child stunting, child wasting, child mortality--are declining at different rates, with under-5 mortality showing the greatest proportional drop globally (from 8.2 percent down to 4.9 percent). Significant regional variations do exist, with Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia showing the strongest absolute declines. An essay at the end of the report points out that "calamitous famines" seem to be a thing of the past, but cites an upswing in acute malnutrition linked with conflict-affected states. "Economic development, better food policy, conflict resolution, and international humanitarian response will all continue to play roles."