Ghana: Landscape Analysis of Anemia and Anemia Programming
In 2003, the Ghana Health Service (GHS), in collaboration with stakeholders and with the support of the USAID/MOST project, developed the five-year Integrated Anemia Control Strategy, which targeted pregnant women, preschool and school-aged children with food-based interventions as well as interventions to control malaria and helminth infection. The GHS requested SPRING's support to conduct a landscape analysis, which used multiple strategies to capture the current situation with respect to anemia and anemia-related policies and programs in Ghana. The related report provides details on findings including contributing factors, tracking program process, and identifying and reconciling problems and gaps. Overall, while the overall prevalence of anemia in the country was 66 percent among children age 6–59 months (2014) and 42 percent among women of reproductive age (2014), there have been notable improvements in anemia-related programming, specifically with iron–folic acid (IFA) supplementation and malaria prevention in pregnancy. Other efforts to improve micronutrient intake include fortification and infant and young child feeding programs, and mass fortification of vegetable oils with vitamin A, yet improvements in the production process for wheat flour fortification with multiple micronutrients are needed, alongside promotion of fortified food use and its coverage.
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