Determinants of Stunting and Severe Stunting among Under-Fives in Tanzania
Authors of this 2015 Tanzania-based study find a combination of education, gender, perceived size at birth, and availability of safe drinking water to correlate most consistently with both stunting and severe stunting in children aged 0-59 months. The study is based on 2010 Demographic Health Survey (DHS) data, and beyond the four factors noted above includes an extensive review of relationships between DHS variables and poor growth (see esp. Table 3). The study is cross-sectional in nature and so cannot assign causality, however focusing on Tanzania-specific data helps put the country case--and potential program responses--in perspective.
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