Can Conditional Cash Transfers Improve the Uptake of Nutrition Interventions and Household Food Security? Evidence from Odisha’s Mamata scheme
The study investigates the impact on health and nutrition outcomes of one conditional cash transfer program, the Mamata scheme, implemented in the state of Odisha (India) and targeted to pregnant and lactating women. Using survey data on 1161 households, authors examine the effect of the scheme on eight outcomes: 1) pregnancy registration; 2) receipt of antenatal services (ANC); 3) receipt of iron and folic acid (IFA) tablets; 4) exposure to counseling during pregnancy; 5) exposure to postnatal counseling; 6) exclusive breastfeeding; 7) full immunization; and 8) household food security. The authors find that the receipt of payments from the Mamata scheme had positive and significant effects on food security, registration of pregnancy, and receipt of ANC and of IFA tablets from government frontline health workers. However, without the presence of a strong health system, the fulfillment of conditions may not be as straightforward.