Journal Articles

Journal Articles
POSHAN Abstract Digest

The Partnerships and Opportunities to Strengthen and Harmonize Actions for Nutrition (POSHAN) in India brings you their first Abstract Digest, which includes new and noteworthy studies on maternal and child nutrition. It focuses primarily on India-specific issues but also brings forth relevant global or regional literature with broader implications for maternal and child nutrition.

Effect of Co-fermentation on Nutritive Quality and Pasting Properties of Maize, Cowpea, and Sweet potato as Complementary Food

This study compared a traditional fermented maize porridge fed to children in Nigeria to a similar product made of maize, cowpea, and sweet potato. The author analyzed minerals, protein, and ß-carotene content, and compared the results to Recommended Daily Allowances (RDA) in Nigeria for children aged between 6 and 23 months. In general, she found that protein and amino acid profiles as well...

The Political Economy of Food Price: The Case of Ethiopia

Food prices increased significantly in 2007–08 in Ethiopia due to several supply- and demand-side factors. The Ethiopian government released emergency food grain reserves, imported and distributed wheat at subsidized price, banned the export of staple cereals, and removed value added and turnover taxes on food items. It also increased the reserve requirement of commercial banks and reduced...

Promoting Health Growth and Preventing Childhood Stunting

In September, Maternal & Child Nutrition with support of the World Health Organization and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation launched a special issue focused on Promoting Health Growth and Preventing Childhood Stunting. In Multi-sectoral interventions for health growth, authors describe how factors linked with key sectors can contribute to healthy growth and reduced childhood stunting...

Biofortification of Pearl Millet with Iron and Zinc in a Randomized Controlled Trial Increases Absorption of These Minerals above Physiologic Requirements in Young Children

This study shows that pearl millet bred to contain more iron can provide young children with their full daily iron needs. Pearl millet is an important staple food in semi-arid regions of India and Africa, where iron deficiency is widespread. Lack of iron impairs mental development and increases fatigue. Severe anemia, often caused by iron deficiency, increases the risk of women dying in...

Total Iron Absorption by Young Women from Iron-Biofortified Pearl Millet Composite Meals Is Double That from Regular Millet Meals but Less Than That from Post-Harvest Iron-Fortified Millet Meals

This study shows that marginally iron-deficient Beninese women who ate a traditionally prepared iron-rich pearl millet paste were found to absorb twice the amount of iron than paste made from ordinary pearl millet with lower iron content. The results indicate that less than 160 grams of iron-rich pearl millet flour daily is enough to provide Beninese women aged 18-45 with more than 70 percent...

Redefining Agricultural Yields: From Tonnes to People Nourished per Hectare

In order to increase food availability, we may consider how the world’s crops are allocated to different uses and whether it is possible to feed more people with current levels of crop production. Of particular interest are the uses of crops as animal feed and as biofuel feedstocks. Currently, 36% of the calories produced by the world’s crops are being used for animal feed, and only 12% of...

Food System Strategies for Preventing Micronutrient Malnutrition

The goal of this paper is to identify deficiencies in the food system that lead to micronutrient malnutrition and explore and evaluate strategies for its prevention. The authors examine the impact of agricultural practices on micronutrients in the food supply, including cropping systems, soil fertility, and animal agriculture. They then discuss the potential of biofortification as a means to...

Post-green Revolution Food Systems and the Triple Burden of Malnutrition

Developing country food systems have changed dramatically since the Green Revolution period. At the same time, malnutrition still represents a challenge and is now understood to encompass the three simultaneous dimensions of undernourishment, micronutrient deficiencies, and over-nutrition manifest in overweight and obesity. These changes in food systems and in the understanding of the global...

Food Value Chain Transformations in Developing Countries: Selected Hypotheses on Nutritional Implications

The authors propose a framework to describe and address how transformation of food value chains (FVCs) can influence the triple malnutrition burden of undernourishment, micronutrient deficiencies, and over-nutrition in developing countries. They establish an FVC typology (modern, traditional, modern-to-traditional, and traditional-to-modern) and propose relationships between each FVC category...

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