Journal Articles

Journal Articles
Mapping the Impacts of Food Aid

This paper provides an overview on the impacts of food aid. We consider its effects on consumption, nutrition, food markets and labour supply, as well as the extent to which it exacerbates of mitigates conflict. We also consider the comparative evidence on alternatives to food aid including evidence on cost, impact, relative risks and beneficiary preferences. We note that there are two large...

Foreign Assistance and the Food Crisis of 2007-2008

Dramatically increased international agricultural commodity prices from 2007 to mid-2008 brought food inflation and greater incidence of poverty and malnutrition to developing countries. Higher food prices in 2011 threaten to repeat that crisis. The international community responded strongly to these concerns in 2008 and 2009, promising greater financial support for food aid, safety nets, and...

Effectiveness of Agricultural Interventions that Aim to Improve Nutritional Status of Children

This is a 2012 systematic review of studies assessing whether agricultural activities improve nutrition outcomes​. The authors cover interventions between 1990 and 2010, which include biofortification, home gardens, smalll-scall aquaculture, dairy development, and others. Only 23 studies were deemed strong enough to review, together showing weak to no impact out nutrition status such as...

Aflatoxins and Growth Impairment: A Review

Aflatoxins, fungal toxins produced by Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus in a variety of food crops, are well known as potent human hepatocarcinogens. Relatively less highlighted in the literature is the association between aflatoxin and growth impairment in children. Foodborne aflatoxin exposure, especially through maize and groundnuts, is common in much of Africa and Asia--areas...

Climate variability and child height in rural Mexico

​The authors examine the impacts of weather shocks, defined as rainfall or growing degree days, a cumulative measure of temperature, more than a standard deviation from their respective long run mean, on the stature of children between 12 and 47 months of age in Mexico. The authors find that after a positive rainfall shock children are shorter regardless of their region or altitude. Negative...

Value Chains for Nutrition

The objective of this paper is to identify if, why, and how value-chain concepts could and should be applied to enhance the ability of agriculture to leverage better nutrition. The paper is written from the perspective of nutrition, with the focus on increasing the supply and demand of foods that are rich in essential micronutrients such as fruit and vegetables, meat, fish and dairy products,...

The New Geopolitics of Food

A look at the impact of the increases in food prices around the world, and the "21st century food wars" they are causing.

The New Geopolitics of Food

Measurement of Food Consumption to Inform Food Fortification and other Nutrition Programs: Methods and Applications

This Food and Nutrition Bulletin Supplement, ​Measurement of Food Consumption to Inform Food Fortification and Other Nutrition Programs: Methods and Applications, represents the proceedings of a Workshop Organized by the Monitoring, Assessment, and Data Working Group of the Ten Year Strategy for the Reduction of Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies. Measurement of Food Consumption to Inform Food...

Managing Africa's Water Resources: Integrating Sustainable Use of Land, Forest, and Fisheries

A lynch pin in water resources conservation in Africa is the integration of sustainable use of land, forests, and fisheries. The present edition of Nature & Faune offers twenty articles, exploring the different facets of the over-arching theme: "Managing Africa's water resources: Integrating sustainable use of land, forests and fisheries". Content and subject matter of articles features...

Special Issue on the Somalia Famine of 2011-2012

On July 2012, the UN declared a famine in Somalia. Although a major crisis had been predicted in the Horn of Africa for nearly a year, it took the Declaration to mobilize a large-scale response. The year 2011 was the first time that a famine was declared in real time and in accordance with an agreed set of criteria based on the assessment of data. Given constraints of access, major...

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