Journal Articles

Journal Articles
Large-Scale Behavior-Change Initiative for Infant and Young Child Feeding Advanced Language and Motor Development in a Cluster-Randomized Program Evaluation in Bangladesh

The authors of this research article conclude that an intensive Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) intervention promoted language and gross motor development, which was partially explained through improved complementary feeding. They examined an at-scale Alive & Thrive initiative in Bangladesh using a cluster-randomized design comparing intensive interpersonal counseling, mass media...

Impacts on Breastfeeding Practices of At- Scale Strategies That Combine Intensive Interpersonal Counseling, Mass Media, and Community Mobilization: Results of Cluster- Randomized Program Evaluations in Bangladesh and Viet Nam

This research article shows positive effects of intensive outreach campaigns on breastfeeding practices in Bangladesh and Vietnam. The authors conducted two cluster-randomized impact evaluations of at-scale programs in Bangladesh and Viet Nam (the Alive & Thrive initiative). They compared the population-level impacts on breastfeeding practices of (1) an intensive package consisting of...

Nutrition Indicators in Agriculture Projects: Current Measurement, Priorities, and Gaps

This article reviews nutrition impact indicators currently in use in agriculture-nutrition projects, and highlights priorities and gaps in measurement of nutrition outcomes. In order to review the status of nutrition measurement in agriculture-nutrition research, the authors conducted a survey of investigators currently researching the links between agriculture projects and nutrition outcomes...

Maternal Obesity in Africa: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

This article, from the Journal of Public Health, investigates maternal obesity in Africa both quantitatively and qualitatively, looking at prevalence, socio-demographic associations, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and existing interventions as well as knowledge and attitudes of pregnant women and of healthcare providers towards maternal obesity. Results show that the prevalence of maternal...

Availability, Affordability, and Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables in 18 Countries across Income Levels: Findings from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) Study

This Lancet Global Health article features authors from around the world who together assess fruit and vegetable consumption using country-specific, validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires. Their main questions concern the relationship between food cost and consumption; of the approximately 143,000 participants included, higher cost was associated with lower consumption...

Impact of Cash Transfer Programs on Food Security and Nutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cross-country Analysis

Jointly written by experts coming from different agencies including the ILO, UNICEF, and FAO, among others, this paper explores the extent to which government-run cash transfer programs in four sub-Saharan countries (Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, and Zambia) affect food security and nutrition outcomes. The cross-country analysis highlights the importance of robust program design and implementation to...

The Role of Information and Cash Transfers on Early Childhood Development: Evidence from Nepal

This working paper evaluates a program implemented in Nepal that provided information on best practices regarding child care together with the delivery of cash to families in extremely poor areas with pregnant mothers and/or children below the age of two. The authors found significant and sizable impacts of the information plus cash intervention on maternal knowledge, behavior, child...

Advancing Early Childhood Development: from Science to Scale

The 2016 Lancet Early Childhood Development Series highlights early childhood development at a time when it has been universally endorsed in the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, and follows similar themes to the World Bank’s “Investing in the Early Years” initiative.

Comments to the series look at...

Effects of a Conditional Cash Transfer Programme on Child Nutrition in Brazil

The Bolsa Familia Programme (BFP) is the world’s largest conditional cash transfer programme, guaranteeing direct cash transfers to families in poverty, families with children aged 0 to 15 years, and families with a pregnant or lactating woman. Any family who enrolls must comply with certain health and education conditions to remain in the programme, including (1) a minimum attendance of 85%...

The Impact of Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes on Child Nutrition: a Review of Evidence Using a Programme Theory Framework

This article reviews the evidence regarding the impact of conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes on child nutrition outcomes, using a program theory framework. The authors develop a program impact model and synthesize evidence regarding the pathways through which CCTs may improve child nutrition. By applying the impact model, their research finds that CCT programs may significantly improve...

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