Journal Articles

Journal Articles
Overcoming Dietary Assessment Challenges in Low-Income Countries: Technological Solutions Proposed by the International Dietary Data Expansion (INDDEX) Project

This discussion paper highlights the barriers to collection and use of individual-level dietary data in low-income countries (LICs). Experts from the FAO and Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University argue that, despite widespread recognition of the “dual challenge of high under-nutrition rates and increasing levels of overweight and obesity”, we lack the individual-...

Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Chronic Kidney Disease in South Asia: Current Status and Future Directions

This article calls for screening and treatment of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in South Asia, complemented by population level lifestyle modifications. The authors propose that South Asians are more susceptible to these non-communicable diseases, and show worse outcomes than other ethnicities. They identify actions for health authorities and governments to take, with a focus on early...

Improving Nutrition through Biofortification: A Review of Evidence from HarvestPlus, 2003 through 2016

This research article examines HarvestPlus’ efforts (2003 to 2016) to improve nutrition through biofortification, and contains key lessons pertaining to the production, marketing, and delivery of biofortified crops globally. The authors find that about 20 million people in 4 million households now grow and consume biofortified crops in eight HarvestPlus target countries– Bangladesh, DR Congo,...

Is Exposure to Animal Feces Harmful to Child Nutrition and Health Outcomes? A Multicountry Observational Analysis

This study investigates whether exposure to livestock constitutes a significant risk factor for diarrhea and environmental enteric disorder in young children. Authors use data from the Alive and Thrive study conducted in rural areas of Ethiopia, Bangladesh, and Vietnam. The surveys used spot-checks to collect data on proxies of hygiene behaviors such as the cleanliness of mothers, young...

Agronomic Biofortification of Crops to Fight Hidden Hunger in Sub-Saharan Africa

This review examines the use of agronomic biofortification and its potential to fight micronutrient deficiencies in humans, with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. Agronomic biofortification adds key micronutrients to soil or even directly to plant leaves, and has been shown to increase yields and certain nutrient content of crops (Zinc and Selenium, but not Iron). However, there are still very...

A Conditional Cash Transfer Program in the Philippines Reduces Severe Stunting

This article from the Journal of Nutrition investigated whether Pantawid, a conditional cash transfer (CCT) program in the Philippines, improved anthropometric measurements in children aged 6–36 months. The researchers found that severe stunting was significantly reduced, making Pantawid one of few CCT programs worldwide to meet with this kind of success. By contrast, no changes were shown in...

Measuring Nutrition Governance: An Analysis of Commitment, Capability, and Collaboration in Nepal

This article is part of a journal supplement focused on “Strengthening Policy Actions and Governance for Nutrition

Authors of this Food and Nutrition Bulletin article used 1370 structured interviews conducted over three years to assess changes in policymakers’ knowledge, attitudes...

Nutrition Exchange – January 2017

This edition of Nutrition Exchange contains eight articles that focus on topics like building political commitment and funding, creating “nutrition champions”, fortifying school meals, and lessons from a South-South learning visit. Of particular interest is an article co-authored by SUN and Ministry of...

Maternal Malaria and Malnutrition (M3) Initiative, a Pooled Birth Cohort of 13 Pregnancy Studies in Africa and the Western Pacific

The Maternal Malaria and Malnutrition (M3) initiative analyzed a pool of 13 research studies to (1) improve understanding of the interactions between malaria and nutrition and (2) identify pregnant women at high risk of adverse outcomes who may benefit from tailored intensive antenatal care. Two of the participating studies provided specific evidence regarding nutritional interventions during...

Overcoming the Limits of Evidence on Effective Multisectoral Nutrition Policy

This two-page commentary shines a light on the challenges of evidence-based policy making around nutrition. Authors from the National Planning Commission (Nepal) and the Office of the Prime Minister (Uganda) describe the complexity of implementation, the limits of country-level data on multisectoral interventions, the challenge of timeliness and accuracy of data, and the need for stakeholder...

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