Journal Articles

Journal Articles
Visionary at the Conception: An interview with Alan Berg, international nutrition pioneer

Alan Berg, who recently celebrated his 82th birthday, is internationally acknowledged as the person most responsible for placing nutrition on the international development agenda and for having it solidly ensconced in the programmes of the United States Government and the World Bank. His seminal 1973 book The Nutrition Factor, written while a Senior Fellow at the Brook-ings Institution, was...

Cash, Food, or Vouchers? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Northern Ecuador

The debate over whether to provide food-assistance and the form that this assistance should take has a long history in economics. Despite the ongoing debate, little rigorous evidence exists that compares food-assistance in the form of cash versus in-kind. This paper uses a randomized evaluation to assess the impacts and cost-effectiveness of cash, food vouchers, and food transfers. All three...

Increasing Homogeneity in Global Food Supplies and the Implications for Food Security

The authors assess 50 years of trends in the richness, abundance, and composition of crop species in national food supplies worldwide. They find national per capita food supplies expanded in total quantity of food calories, protein, fat, and weight. They also find that the dominance of the most significant commodities decreased, meaning national food supplies worldwide became more similar in...

Livestock Production, Animal Source Food Intake, and Young Child Growth: The role of gender for ensuring nutrition impacts

Using data from a large-scale impact evaluation conducted in Kenya, this study tested whether co-owned/female-owned livestock is associated with improved child growth, as mediated by animal source food (ASF) consumption. Data were collected from households in six provinces in Kenya, targeting 183 children ages 6–60 months. Multivariate linear regression models showed a positive association...

Journal Article on Biofortified Sorghum Trials in Kenya and Nigeria

Recent research from the Africa Biofortified Sorghum (ABS) project looks at vitamin A enrichment of this staple grain. The most promising variety thus far supplies about 40-50 % of the daily recommended value of vitamin A at harvest, and stable hybridization with local, farmer-preferred varieties. The testing indicates this...

Understanding Sustainable Diets: A Descriptive Analysis of the Determinants and Processes That Influence Diets and Their Impact on Health, Food Security, and Environmental Sustainability

This study examines the determinants of sustainable diets, offers a descriptive analysis of these areas, and presents a causal model and framework from which to build. The authors divide the major determinants of sustainable diets into 5 categories: 1) agriculture, 2) health, 3) sociocultural, 4) environmental, and 5) socioeconomic. When factors or processes are changed in 1 determinant...

Double-Fortified Salt Is Efficacious in Improving Indicators of Iron Deficiency in Female Indian Tea Pickers

The Journal of Nutrition is publishing the results of a study with the objective of testing the efficacy of Double Fortified Salt (DFS)in reducing iron deficiency in rural women of reproductive age from northern West Bengal, India. Results show significant improvements and demonstrates that DFS is an efficacious approach to improve iron status. The Government of Chennai in India has now...

Sustainability and Food & Nutrition Security: A Vulnerability Assessment Framework for the Mediterranean Region

Recurrent food crises and climate change, along with habitat loss and micronutrient deficiencies, are global issues of critical importance that have pushed food security and environmental sustainability to the top of the political agenda. Analyses of ...

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