Journal Articles

Journal Articles
Boundary-spanning Actors in Complex Adaptive Governance Systems: The Case of Multisectoral Nutrition

This study documents the strategies, tactics, and challenges of boundary-spanning actors working in four Sub-Saharan Africa countries (Burkina Faso, Mali, Ethiopia, and Uganda), where they supported multisectoral nutrition activities as part of the African Nutrition Security Partnership. These actors and their collaborators deployed a wide range of strategies in complicated political...

National Food Security Assessment through the Analysis of Food Consumption Data from Household Consumption and Expenditure Surveys: The Case of Brazil’s Pesquisa de Orçamento Familiares 2008/09

This report shows that failing to account for food consumed for free at school may significantly distort the assessment of the distribution of food consumption among households, and therefore the assessment of the extent of food insecurity, in Brazil. The results of the analysis, based on food consumption data from the 2008/09, enable a revision of the FAO estimate of the Prevalence of...

First Foods: Improving Diets in Early Childhood

This special issue of the Maternal and Child Nutrition Journal focuses on why improving complementary foods and feeding for infants and young children matters and what it takes to improve them. The issue builds on the global meeting convened by UNICEF and the governments of India and Maharashtra in Mumbai, India, in November 2015,...

Worldwide Trends in Body-mass Index, Underweight, Overweight, and Obesity from 1975 to 2016

The study shows that over the past four decades, mean Body Mass Index (BMI) and obesity in children and adolescents aged 5–19 years have increased in most regions. Despite this rise, more children and adolescents are moderately or severely underweight than obese, with the burden of underweight increasingly concentrated in South Asia and Central, East, and West Africa. These findings highlight...

An Overview of Links Between Obesity and Food Systems: Implications for the Agriculture GP Agenda

This literature review discusses direct and indirect policies affecting diets with a focus on overweight and obesity. It is an initial attempt to better understand how agriculture and food systems can mitigate against the rising incidence of overweight and obesity, and to do so by presenting evidence-based interventions in the sector. The authors explore the link between diet quality and the...

Can Cash Transfers Improve Determinants of Maternal Mortality? Evidence from the Household and Community Programs in Indonesia

This paper assesses the effects of Indonesia’s national cash transfer programs, PKH (conditional) and Generasi (unconditional) on the determinants of maternal mortality, using samples of 14,000 and 12,000 households respectively. It shows that Generasi improved maternal health knowledge, access to health services, and nutritional intake. As for PKH, its strongest effects seem concentrated on...

Perspectives on the Coordination of Multisectoral Nutrition in Mozambique and an Emerging Framework

This paper investigates the perspectives of key national leaders on the coordination of a Multisectoral Action Plan for the Reduction of Chronic Undernutrition (PAMRDC) in Mozambique. The study, which engaged 21 national leaders involved in coordination groups at the national level, highlights the lack of clarity on the meaning of coordination and on the functions of the multisectoral...

African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition, and Development – Special Issue on Biofortification

The African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition, and Development’s most recent issue is devoted to biofortification and its potential as a cost-effective and sustainable method to reduce mineral and vitamin deficiencies amongst the rural poor. This special edition includes some of the first articles by practitioners, evaluating the delivery experience of biofortified crops (e.g....

Evaluation of Nutrition-sensitive Programs

This article provides guidance on how to design and carry out rigorous process, cost, and impact evaluations of complex nutrition-sensitive programs, attempting to demystify some of the challenges that have prevented investments such evaluations in the past. Authors refute the assumption that, although there is a consensus on the need to invest in nutrition-sensitive programs, actual evidence...

Nutrition in Adolescent Girls in South Asia

This article reviews nutritional data of adolescent girls in South Asia and suggests ways to accelerate improvement. The authors find that undernutrition and anaemia affect over 50% of adolescent girls in the region, that overweight and obesity are an emerging problem, and that poor diet is preventing both catch-up growth during teenage years and gains across generations. They argue for large...

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