Briefs

Briefs
Trade and Nutrition Technical Note

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) cite trade as an important means to achieve the goals related to food security and nutrition, but many stakeholders remain underinformed regarding trades influence on nutrition and how to maximize positive impacts.

This FAO technical note responds the need for information on trade and nutrition, providing an overview as well as focusing on the “...

Healthy Diets for All: A Key to Meeting the SDGs

The report builds on the findings from the 2017 Global Nutrition Report by emphasizing that healthy diets are key to driving progress against the SDGs. It outlines the consequences of inaction, including low educational attainment, poor physical growth, and low productivity. The report argues that the traditional siloed approach to addressing global health and development issues is putting a ‘...

Urban Diets and Nutrition: Trends, Challenges and Opportunities for Policy Action

The policy brief looks at the challenge of providing healthy diets in urban environments by presenting eight policy recommendations integrating actions from food, agriculture, and nutrition: (1) make high-quality diets a priority, (2) empower urban policymakers to champion better diets, (3) capitalize on the opportunities offered by urban food systems, (4) connect infrastructure, housing,...

Triggering for Positive Behaviour Change in Nutrition

This is the second in a series of six technical briefs presenting the experiences of the Sustainable Nutrition for All (SN4A) program in Uganda and Zambia. The paper presents an overview of community social and behavior change communication (SBCC), and provides tools and approaches to trigger positive nutrition and hygiene behaviors. SN4A supports national, multisectoral policies by developing...

Nepal: Can Information and Cash Improve Children's Development?

This policy note describes the impacts of a health and nutrition program in Nepal, which used monthly community-based health and nutrition messages combined with a short-term cash transfer for mothers. Mothers who received both information and cash reported a higher likelihood of breastfeeding their babies and an increased chance to take recommended vitamins. They also reported greater...

The Double Burden of Malnutrition

This WHO policy brief describes the double burden of malnutrition (a mix of undernutrition and overweight/obesity in a given area) now facing many countries. Identifying, promoting, and implementing “double-duty” actions that address these issues are becoming greater priorities, and the brief looks at the six policy areas that can help: food systems, social protection, health systems, trade...

Double-Duty Actions for Nutrition

This policy brief sets out the potential for double-duty actions to improve nutrition outcomes across the spectrum of malnutrition, through integrated initiatives, policies and programmes. Double-duty actions include interventions, programmes and policies that have the potential to simultaneously reduce the risk or burden of both undernutrition (including wasting, stunting and micronutrient...

Concepts and Methods for Food Environment Research in Low and Middle Income Countries

Developed by the Agriculture, Nutrition and Health Academy Food Environment Working Groups, this brief synthesizes research methods and metrics around food environments and identifies theoretical, empirical, methodological, and conceptual research gaps. The authors propose a conceptual framework in order to examine relevant metrics, describing the food environment as the interface between food...

Addressing Barriers to Maternal Nutrition: Evidence and Program Considerations

This brief presents a review of literature focused on barriers to maternal nutrition and weight gain during pregnancy in low- and middle-income countries. USAID Maternal and Child Survival Program (MCSP), who authors the brief, presents a compilation of country policies that address maternal diet and weight gain during pregnancy, and provides key considerations for inclusion of this topic into...

Improving Nutrition Through Enhanced Food Environments

This policy brief provides current evidence on what works to improve food environments and markets to support high-quality diets. The authors set forth recommendations for governments and the private sector to work together on several priority areas: (1) implementing economic measures to reduce the consumption of unhealthy foods through taxes; (2) marketing of high quality diets while ...

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