East Asia & Pacific

East Asia & Pacific
Asia and the Pacific Regional Overview of Food Insecurity 2017: Investing in Food Systems for Better Nutrition

This report focuses on the latest trends on food and nutrition security in Asia and the Pacific. Authors warn that the number of malnourished people in the region is on the rise because the availability of nutritious foods is inadequate in many countries and the consumption of food items considered unhealthy is also on the rise. Consequently, stunting among children below the age of five...

Can Cash Transfers Improve Determinants of Maternal Mortality? Evidence from the Household and Community Programs in Indonesia

This paper assesses the effects of Indonesia’s national cash transfer programs, PKH (conditional) and Generasi (unconditional) on the determinants of maternal mortality, using samples of 14,000 and 12,000 households respectively. It shows that Generasi improved maternal health knowledge, access to health services, and nutritional intake. As for PKH, its strongest effects seem concentrated on...

Is Exposure to Animal Feces Harmful to Child Nutrition and Health Outcomes? A Multicountry Observational Analysis

This study investigates whether exposure to livestock constitutes a significant risk factor for diarrhea and environmental enteric disorder in young children. Authors use data from the Alive and Thrive study conducted in rural areas of Ethiopia, Bangladesh, and Vietnam. The surveys used spot-checks to collect data on proxies of hygiene behaviors such as the cleanliness of mothers, young...

From Policy to Practice: What Do We Know about Policy’s Influence on Planning and Financing for Nutrition?

Multisectoral national nutrition action plans (NNAPs) are an important step in advocating for increased nutrition activities across sectors, but they can lose momentum in the day-to-day realities of governing. Nonetheless, multisectoral NNAPs provide a critical platform to bring the disparate parts of government together for nutrition; according to the...

A Conditional Cash Transfer Program in the Philippines Reduces Severe Stunting

This article from the Journal of Nutrition investigated whether Pantawid, a conditional cash transfer (CCT) program in the Philippines, improved anthropometric measurements in children aged 6–36 months. The researchers found that severe stunting was significantly reduced, making Pantawid one of few CCT programs worldwide to meet with this kind of success. By contrast, no changes were shown in...

Community Health Worker Nutrition Advocacy Tools

These USAID SPRING Project and Advancing Partners and Communities (APC) slide sets identify gaps in community health worker (CHW) nutrition service delivery for nine countries: Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Nepal, the Philippines, Mali, Zambia, Malawi, and Haiti. The slides compare nutrition-related services that can be provided for different demographic groups against the actual government...

The Cost of Not Breastfeeding

Based on research from East Asia and Pacific region, this joint UNICEF and Alive & Thrive brief describes the economic toll caused by suboptimal breastfeeding at individual, community, and national levels. Breastfeeding is described as one of the "best buys" in global health to save lives and to improve social and economic development. Yet according to UNICEF, the exclusive breastfeeding...

Food Security and Nutrition Process Reviews: Complementary Feeding in Malawi & Cambodia

​FAO has published detailed and thorough process reviews of two agriculture-nutrition education projects that aimed to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices using local foods--one in Malawi, and one in Cambodia. Each project delivered IYCF nutrition education through community-based caregiver groups, and food-based messages through farmer field schools. The reviews themselves...

The WFP-World Bank-IFPRI Three-Country Studies: Results and Evidence-based Learning from Impact Evaluation Studies on School Feeding

This summary presents the findings and implications from the three country studies jointly undertaken by the World Bank, IFPRI and the World Food Programme (WFP) on School Feeding Programmes in Burkina Faso, Uganda, and Lao PDR (Laos) between 2005 and 2008. The cases of Burkina Faso and Laos provide significant evidence on the positive impacts of school feeding on the policy-claimed objectives...

Are There Any New Ideas in Nutrition-sensitive Agriculture?

The primary role of agriculture is to grow food for human consumption, and the agriculture sector has been largely successful in producing sufficient food to meet the energy (or calorie) needs of the rising global population.  However the persistence of undernutrition, and food and nutrition insecurity in many parts of the world, especially sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia,...

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